Musée No:325.189Regular price £25.00
Artist: Solon H. Borglum
Solon Hannibal de la Mothe Borglum (1868 –1922) (fabulous name!) was an American sculptor. Born in Utah he spent most of his childhood on the Nebraska prairie, where his father practised medicine. His father was a Mormon polygamist with two wives, sisters Ida & Christina. When the family moved to the non-Mormon Nebraska Solon’s mother, Christina, was listed as a family servant to hide the situation. When they moved again to St Louis she was left behind completely and the boys were told never to speak of her again, Solon would have been about 3 and his brother 4. Solon was originally a cowboy-rancher, but his older brother Gutzon, responsible for the carvings of the US Presidents on Mount Rushmore, persuaded him to pursue art. In 1898 the Art Academy awarded him a scholarship to study in Paris at the Académie Julian. The French students gave him the title “sculptor of the prairie.”. In 1898, he married Emma and spent the summer of 1899 at the Crow Creek Reservation in South Dakota. Although he later lived in Paris and New York City and achieved a reputation as one of America's notable sculptors, he is most well known for his depictions of frontier life, especially his experience with cowboys and native Americans. In 1911, Borglum was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member. During World War I he served at the front in a non-combatant role and was gassed several times. Whilst there he taught art to recovering American soldiers and discovered that he liked teaching. When he returned to the United States he established the School of American Sculpture in New York. He taught there until his death in 1922.