Musée No:379.001Regular price £25.00
Flower Study In A Vase
Artist: Jacob Marrel
Jacob Marrel (1613–1681) was a Dutch still-life painter, print and tulip dealer active in Utrecht during the Dutch Golden Age. In 1624 his family moved to Frankfurt, where he became a student of Georg Flegel in 1627. Attracted by the high prices for flower still life paintings, between 1632–1650 he studied with Jan Davidszoon de Heem in Utrecht. He married, Johanna Sybilla Heim, the widow of the German engraver Matthäus Merian. He was stepfather and teacher to her daughter, Maria Sibylla Merian, who became a well-known botanist-artist. As a child she collected insects, plants and caterpillars along with and other specimens for Marrel’s compositions.
In addition to flower paintings, Marrel created at least six tulip books, three of which are still intact. Created while he worked in Utrecht during the late 1630s and early 1640s, his tulip books coincide with the period when the Dutch developed a true passion for the tulip. Known as Tulipomania, the rage for this flower, especially in its variegated or multi-striped form, resulted in wild financial speculation, ending in 1637 with the crash of the bulb commodity market. Still considered Holland's "national flower," the tulip originally was imported in the 1580s from Turkey, where it had been cultivated by the Ottomans from the beginning of the sixteenth century onward. It was the famous botanist Carolus Clusius (1526–1609), who was instrumental in the introduction of the tulip and other exotic bulbs, the beginning of Holland's modern-day bulb industry.